How to apply...
The local board decides the manner and form of application. The Emergency Food and Shelter Program only requires that potential Local Recipient Organizations (LROs) sign the LRO Certification Form (See CREDENTIALS/DOCUMENTATION).
Note: Each program will indicate whether applications are to be submitted to the Federal headquarters, regional or local office, or to a State or local government office.
By law, FEMA establishes and chairs the Emergency Food and Shelter Program National Board. Along with FEMA, this Board comprises the American Red Cross, Catholic Charities, USA, United Jewish Communities, National Council of Churches of Christ in the USA, The Salvation Army, and United Way of America. Staff at United Way of America serves as Secretariat for the program. This Board decides on the distribution of funds as well as the promulgation of the Program Guidelines. Through the use of a formula based on the most current unemployment and poverty data available on a nationwide basis, down to the jurisdictional level, the National Board selects jurisdictions across the country for awards. The award amounts are determined by a per capita rate set by the National Board. The jurisdictions selected are notified of their award to alert them to assemble their Local Boards and begin advertising the availability of funding. These boards are made up of local affiliates of the National Board organizations, other appropriate nonprofits, and a representative from local government to take the place of FEMA (however, unlike the National Board, the government slot at the local level does not necessarily chair the board). As noted above, the Local Boards then advertise the program to solicit interested agencies and make the decision as to the most effective use of the jurisdiction's allocation. Simultaneously, the National Board contacts State Set-Aside Committees and informs them of the amount of funds they have to work with (this is determined by applying the per capita to the universe of unemployed individuals not covered by the National Board awards), and the jurisdictions already selected by the National Board. The State Set-Aside Committee (composed of the state-wide affiliates of National Board members along with a representative from the State government and other interested parties) then recommend high need jurisdictions along with suggested award amounts. The State Set-Aside Committee has 25 working days to notify the National Board in writing of its selections and the appropriate contact person in each of those selected areas.
Note: Grant payments may be made by a letter of credit, advance by Treasury check, or reimbursement by Treasury check.
Awards may be made by the headquarters office directly to the applicant, an agency field office, a regional office,
or by an authorized county office. The assistance may pass through the initial applicant for further distribution by
intermediate level applicants to groups or individuals in the private sector.